Ben Sykes discusses the pharmacokinetics of intravenous, enteric-coated oral and plain oral omeprazole.
"The objectives were to document the pharmacokinetics of intravenous, enteric-coated oral and plain oral omeprazole in fasted horses and to investigate the impact of feeding on the bioavailability of an enteric-coated omeprazole. Twelve horses received four treatments: intravenous omeprazole (0.5 mg/kg) in the fasted state (IV-Fasted), enteric-coated omeprazole (4 mg/kg) orally in the fasted state (ECO-Fasted), enteric-coated omeprazole (4 mg/kg) orally in the fed state (ECO-Fed) and plain omeprazole (4 mg/kg) orally in the fasted state (PL-Fasted). Plasma omeprazole concentrations were determined by UHPLC-MS. Bioavailability was higher (P = 0.038) in the ECO-Fasted group (21.5 [9.0–27.7]%) than the PL-Fasted group (10.1 [7.7–13.3]%). Similarly, AUC0-∞ was higher in the ECO-Fasted group than the PL-Fasted group (P = 0.027). No significant differences were present between the ECO-Fasted and ECO-Fed groups with regards to bioavailability, Cmax, Tmax or AUC0-∞. When the half-life data from the oral formulations was pooled, it was longer than that observed in the IV-Fasted group (100 [73–118] min) and 35 [34-39] min, respectively; P < 0.0001). Bioavailability of enteric-coated omeprazole was higher than previously reported and feeding had minimal impact. Bioavailability of plain omeprazole was approximately half that of enteric-coated omeprazole. The longer half-life observed following oral administration was consistent with the flip-flop effect and has not previously been described for omeprazole in the horse."
Read more here: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jvp.12169/abstract For more information contact Ben Sykes at ben@BOVA.com.au